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Gibbs Reflective Cycle

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2022-01-21

Gibbs Reflective Cycle

The Gibbs reflective cycle model was introduced by Graham Gibbs, who is an American sociologist and psychologist. In 1988, he first quoted the model in his book named "learning by doing." According to the model, it is assumed that we learn a lot of things and lessons from our past experiences. If we will not learn from our mistakes and experiences, our scope of growth will be limited and without reflecting on the experiences we will remain at the same level. This is why the Gibbs Cycle is so much important to us. At the workplace too, the employees can check out a particular situation to know the areas where improvement is needed.

What Is Gibbs Reflective Cycle?

The model encourages and motivates people to systematically think about past situations and experiences. By reflecting on our learning there are higher chances of improvement for upcoming situations. The main idea of this model is to isolate feelings and systematize reflections. There are different stages in the Gibbs model of reflection that helps us to break down our past experiences so that we cannot conclude anything in hurry.

By the end of this blog, you will be able to get familiar with all the stages of this model.

Read Also: What Are The Stages Of Clinical Reasoning

Six Stages In Gibbs Reflective Cycle

There are six elements or stages in the model. Let's break them for your further understanding:

  1. Description

    The very first stage is the Gibbs cycle is that of description. To learn from the situation it is important to discuss all the details of the event. Ask yourself the follow-up questions:

    • Reason for happening or why does the situation take place?
    • Where and when did the incident happen?
    • What was your role in doing so?
    • What were other people doing?

  2. Feelings

    The next stage is the concern with the feelings that you experienced during a particular event or situation. It is concerned with the thoughts and feelings the person goes through while dealing with any event. You can't judge the emotions or feeling you are experiencing. This stage is to get aware of the feeling of yourself or a specific person. Ask the following questions for this stage:

    • What did you observe before and after the incident?
    • What was the feeling according to the other person?
    • What are your emotions after the situation?
    • What are you thinking now about the situation?

    It's quite challenging to get knowledge about one's feelings, so the experts advise using empathetic listening and perpetual positions to understand and connect with the feelings of other people.

  3. Evaluation

    The third stage in Gibbs reflective cycle 1988 is evaluating the event and trying to understand what happened. The students in this stage analyse different situations which work the best and can be used further. You can ask the following questions during this stage:

    • What was the positive side of the event?
    • Compare the positive with the negative part of the situation.
    • What went wrong and what could have been done differently?

    To evaluate appropriately one can use the technique of 5 why's to get into the roots of the main reasons for happening

  4. Analyses of the happening

    Critical analyses what happened and you can have an optimistic point of view or a negative experience regarding the same. Your experience will help you to look for a much better way for a particular activity.

  5. Conclusion

    After analyses and you have to come to a conclusion and look for more effective ways in which the situations can take place. You can see what can be done differently if you face the same incidence again.

  6. Action plan

    You must have a well-defined action plan for facing future circumstances of a similar kind. An action plan will help you to face the situation more wisely. Once, you are familiar with the shortcomings, you can overcome them next time.

The above six stages can be considered as the phases in the model of reflective practice which can improve the situation from past experiences.

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Let's answer some of your doubts and queries:

How Is Gibbs Reflective Cycle Used In nursing?

The Gibbs model plays an important role in nursing as most of the medical staff and nurses first discuss the situation or the status of the patient. After that, they do the critical analyses to check what other alternatives treatment can be given to patients for better care. They also go for the action plan for facing a similar case differently.

Give An Example Of Gibbs Reflective Cycle

There are different stages involved in the model and you can understand better by the following example:

  • Description - You want to negotiate your salary and want to have a few words with your employer.
  • Feelings - You might feel nervous talking to your employer.
  • Evaluation - What all the possible ways are there in your favour.
  • Analysis - You must have some valid reasons to negotiate with your salary so that employer can do the needful.
  • Conclusion - What was the final decision you and your employer made.
  • Action plan - If things are not going well or according to you, what are you going to do further to improve your performance next time.

Why Use Gibbs Reflective Cycle?

Improvement is what keeps us going and the Gibbs reflective cycle helps us to improve for the future circumstances by looking at the past incidents, activities and events.

The stages of the Gibbs cycle are somehow applicable to improve your academics too. That's why you can seek assignment help online to robust your grades and to improve your performance to the next level.

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