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What Is Opioid

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2022-08-19

What Is Opioid

Opioids are pain killers found naturally in the poppy plants. These are used as prescription medicines by most doctors to control pain. Excess use of opioids can create many physical as well as mental problems. The patients who take this painkiller become tolerant hence they need to get an increased quantity of drugs to control their pain. It is also seen the patients who were taking it regularly got addicted to it.

What Are The Most Commonly Used Prescription Opioids?

Opioids are painkillers used to give to patients who are suffering from mild to severe pain. There are many opioid based drugs are available, however, few of them are the most used to treat the patient's pain. Let us have a look at the following opioid-based drugs.

  • Oxycodone: It is one of the most used opioid painkillers used by medical professionals.
  • Hydrocodone Acetaminophen: it is also one of the important opioid treatment used to control pain.
  • Morphine: it is the most used drug to control pain.
  • Carfentanil: It is also prescribed by doctors to kill body aches, headaches and all other types of pain.

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What Are The Types Of Opioids?

As we have discussed earlier that opioids are used by doctors as painkillers, however, it is never recommended to take opioids without a prescription. Let us have a look at the following types of opioids.

  • Oxymorphone
  • Hydrocodone
  • Fentanyl
  • Tramadol

These are a few names of opioids sold as different brand names in the market like Percocet, Vicodin and many others. These are prescribed by the doctors as per the condition and severity of pain. In addition, heroin is not allowed to sell in the open market; it can be purchased after a medical prescription.

How Can Opioids Be Taken?

Opioids are taken in many forms like injections, pills, lollipops and many other forms. However, it is not allowed to sell openly because it can cause various health issues if not taken under the proper medical supervision. Let us have a look at some points which indicate how opioids can be taken safely.

  • Opioids can be taken as pain relief management.
  • It should be taken under the supervision of an Anaesthesiologist because they have years of experience in treating patients who are suffering from various kinds of chronic pain.
  • Opioids should be taken under the supervision of only experts otherwise these can be addictive.

What Are The Safety Tips For Patients Who Are Taking Opioids?

The patients who are taking opioids need to follow some tips to escape themselves from the addiction. Let us have a look at the safety tips.

  • Talk to physicians: Patients need to talk to their doctors before taking opioids which will help patients in getting pain relief easily. This is how patients can save themselves from the harmful impact of opioids.
  • Patients should tell their doctors if they are addicted to alcohol because it can negatively impact their health.
  • Side effects: There are many side effects of opioids on health. It can cause drowsiness, sleepiness, low blood pressure, and slow heartbeats; hence it is an indication of an overdose of the drugs.
  • Prescribed dose: patients should only have the prescribed dose, not more than that otherwise can cause a negative health impact.
  • Harmful to the people who are going for the surgery: People who are going to have any surgery need to tell their doctor about the opioid medication before initiating the surgery.
  • Combination therapy: patients are given multiple drugs for different diseases, hence; many times doctors need to give a combination of drugs to the patients in which there may be some medicines which may be nonopioid.

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How Can Patients Save Themselves From Opioid Addiction?

There are many patients who suffer from various diseases which cause unbearable pain and require different types of opioids to control the pain of patients, hence regular intake of these medicines results in morphine addiction and codeine addiction, hence, patients are advised to take these medications under expert supervision. However, let us have a look at some suggested points which will help patients with opioid addiction.

  • Healthy life: Patients need to live their life carefully who are taking opioids they should have a healthy diet like green vegetables, pulses and other micronutrients which will help them from addiction to the drugs.
  • Counselling of patients: The patients who are suffering from addiction to opioid drugs addiction need to take a counselling session with a clinical psychologist who can help the patients from the addiction.
  • Support from family: The patients who are suffering from these addictions need dedicated care from their families because most of the time patients spend with their family members only hence they can be a greater help to the patients.
  • Use of methadone: most health professionals use methadone tablet to treat patients who are suffering from addiction to opioids because it helps in reducing the addiction to opioids.
  • If patients are taking medication from any health expert and suddenly due to any reason they need to change their doctor hence they should give proper details to their new doctor.
  • Do not skip any dose: Patients should not skip any medication dose once they start it.
  • Patents should not start any medication without the prescription of doctors because this can cause some other threats as well.
  • Patients who are on the medication should not use any other opioids because it can cause other severe health issues.
  • The patients who are on medication should never consume alcohol during the process.
  • If the patient is a pregnant lady then they must tell their doctor about it.

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