Commonwealth Work Health and Safety Act

Commonwealth Work Health and Safety Act

Answer 1:

            The Commonwealth Work Health and Safety Act require the following compliances to be met with for ensuring a safe workplace:

  1. Not wilfully or recklessly interfere with or misuse safety equipment provided
  2. Not wilfully put at risk the health and safety of others.


Answer 2:

  1. They direct nascent corporate entities around the costs of conducting business.
  2. They manage endorsement among members for ensuring consistency throughout the concerned industry. However, the guidelines for such enforcement must genuinely affect the consumers and must not be unnecessarily obstructive.

Answer 3:

Employing plain language in legal documentation allows making the writing clear, concise and helpful to readers. Plain language writing helps the target audience easily perceive information, avoid misunderstandings and save time because it gets the job done the first time.

Answer 4:

  1. Australian Health Practitioners Regulatory Authority (AHPRA)
    1. Functions
      1. Developing accreditation standards
      2. Dealing with user complaints
    2. Procedures
      1. Registering as paramedical: Done online. Documents and fee submitted to AHPRA, after which it might request further information or simply grant the certificate.
      2. Lodging a complaint: Mention concern to staff responsible. If staff is unable to resolve, the Management Team will be contacted.
  2. Australian Children’s Education & Care Quality Authority (ACECQA)
    1. Functions:
      1. Assessing and rating per National Quality Standard
      2. Granting approvals
    2. Procedures:
      1. Obtaining approvals: Register on National Quality Agenda system, then file application for approval.
      2. Rating young children’s establishments: Audits conducted. After careful consideration granted a rating.

Answer 6:

            The maximum allowable hours of work for school-aged children are:

  • On a school day 4 hours
  • On a non-school day 8 hours
  • During a school week a total of 12 hours
  • During a non-school week a total of 38 hours.


Answer 7:

  1. Age Discrimination Act, 2004: illegalises publishing to discriminate based on age or victimise for complaining of age-discrimination to the HREOC.


  1. The Sex Discrimination Act 1984: illegalises discrimination based on sex, marital status, pregnancy, dismissal from employment due to family responsibilities or sexual harassment.


Answer 8:

            It states that self-determination and taking reasonable risks are essential for dignity and should not be impeded by over-protective caregivers of elderly and mentally challenged people.

Example: The Work Health and Safety Act 2011 ensures safeguarding health, safety and welfare of all workers at the workplace.

Answer 9:

            Under Australian Law, Everyone has a duty of care, a responsibility, to make sure that they and other people are safe in the workplace.

An employer has a chief responsibility to carry out their 'primary duty of care' safe-keep the safety of all personnel in your workplace, plus visitors.

Answer 10:

            Human rights-based service delivery and approach, therefore, include mechanisms that facilitate recognition and exercise of rights within a given socio-political space. These mechanisms include, among others, legislation, structures that hold the state accountable and at the same time strengthen its capacity to protect, respect, and guarantee human rights.

Answer 11:

            All employers have a responsibility to ensure their workmen are treated fairly as per Australian Commonwealth and state anti-discrimination laws, as well as the Fair Work Act 2009. As an employer, you need to prevent discrimination, harassment or bullying from occurring in the workplace.

Answer 12:

            The Fair Work Commission (FWC) does not find it favourable if employees record conversations without the consent of the other party. It is considered a breach of duty of trust as well as confidence among employer and employee. However, as per CBA v Barker ((2014) 253 CLR 169), there is no such duty at common law.

Answer 13:

            Human rights-based service delivery and approach, therefore, include mechanisms that facilitate recognition and exercise of rights within a given socio-political space. These mechanisms include, among others, legislation, structures that hold the state accountable and at the same time strengthen its capacity to protect, respect, and guarantee human rights.

Answer 14:

  1. The collection of solicited personal information.


  1. The open and transparent management of personal information.

Answer 15:

            Responsibility: Comply with international covenants, legislation and regulations in all contact with clients. Right: Remove a client from the waiting list if appointments are consistently missed without proper notification

Answer 17:

            Work health and safety (WHS) includes the management of potential threats to the health and safety of all present in the workplace. It covers the health and safety of any person employed by the employer as well as their customers, visitors and suppliers.

Answer 18:

            A person who is a doctor, a dentist, a nurse, an enrolled nurse, a midwife, a psychologist, a teacher at school, on the reasonable belief of the presence of any significant detrimental effect caused by any act, omission or circumstance on the physical, psychological or emotional wellbeing or development of the child.

Answer 20:

  1. Discrimination based on sex: Catcalling, commenting on a woman’s pregnancy, marital status and her ability to become pregnant.
  2. Discrimination based on age: Discrimination because of an employee’s age, his disabilities arising due to his age.

Answer 21:

  1. A fine of maximum $21,000 or 2 years imprisonment for individuals; maximum fine of $105,000 for companies.


  1. Levying of a fine amounting to any financial benefit obtained directly or indirectly thanks to the breach attributed to the breach.


Answer 22:

  1. Treating colleagues respectfully and without discrimination.


  1. Prevention of sexual harassment







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