Disability & Carers Welfare systems and services

Disability & Carers Welfare systems and services

Disability & Carers Welfare systems and services

 

Introduction

Any impairment that makes it difficult for the individual to perform certain things or communicate with the world around them is a disability. Such disorders or impairments may be neurological, genetic, emotional, behavioral, physical, sensory, or a multiple-factor combination. Carers contribute significantly to the community's economic and social health, supplying people with disabilities with about 70 per cent of care. The vast number of caregivers who can provide the bulk of assistance to disabled people in Australia, and the tremendous contribution of caregivers bring to the society. Carers are usually faced with heavy demands and may encounter many stressors such as poor or diminished physical and/or mental health; poverty; restricted educational opportunities and workforce; social isolation, and stress on housing. So, the Australia government is require to make programs and services for the better standard living of disabled people and their carers.

 

Programs and services for people with disabilities

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) was ratified by Australia in 2007 and came into force in Australia in 2008, and seeks to ensure that individuals with disabilities enjoy equal rights on an equal basis with everyone. The Prime Minister announced in November 2009 the establishment of a National Disability Policy through the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) as a key framework for the introduction of the CRPD in Australia; along with an inquiry into the viability of a National Disability Insurance Scheme (or equivalent scheme) as part of this plan. Following are the programs that have been started by the government for disabled persons.

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)

This is intended to improve the living conditions and to expand economic and social participation for disabled people. The NDIS is a new way to finance individualized care for disabled people that requires more flexibility and autonomy as well as a lifetime commitment to the service needs of a person.

The National Disability Advocacy Program

The National Disability Advocacy Program (NDAP) offers access to meaningful disability support for people with disabilities that encourages, preserves, and guarantees their complete and equitable human rights of all people that require community involvement.

The Australian Disability Parking Scheme

Australian Disability Parking Program requires a Nationally recognized Australian Disability Parking Permit. License holders can park in parking facilities with the international access symbol and can earn discounts in most community parking areas where different time limits are displayed in the sign or meter.

The National Companion Card

The National Companion Card Program brings along State and Territory Companion Card schemes that allow qualifying individuals with permanent disabilities to take part in places and events without risking the expense of a new ticket for their partner. At participating affiliate organizations, the cardholder presents their card to buy a seat or pay an admission fee and obtain a seat for their partner at no additional charge.

The National Relay Service (NRS)

The National Relay Service (NRS) is an Australia-wide telephone connection service offered to people with auditory or voice impairment or deafness. Anybody who needs to call an individual with hearing or speech disability may also make it available. The NRS is open to us at no extra charge.

Better Start for Children with Disability

Better Start is an initiative of the Australian Government to help make critical early childhood programs and interventions more available and affordable. Care and therapy support is available for children under age of six, who have also been diagnosed with one of defined conditions mentioned in the guidelines of the Programmes.

Employment for People with Disability

Each section includes a range of information on job initiatives, resources and assistance for disabled people, and a range of knowledge on initiatives for employers who hire or want to hire disabled people.

The National Auslan Interpreter Booking and Payment Service (NABS)

The National Auslan Interpreter Booking and Payment Service (NABS) is sponsored by the Australian Government to offer free-of - charge interpreters to people who communicate with sign language and would like to request a translator for private care consultations. This is Sign Language Consumers and Health Care Workers Free support. Both Indigenous and Torres Strait Islander Sign Language interpretation programs are given FREE for both public and private health care consultations.

National Information Program (NICAN)

NICAN is funded to provide an Australia-wide information system for people with disabilities on leisure, travel, sports and the arts. It refers people to groups providing services and events either for the general population or explicitly for disabled people.

Personal Helpers and Mentors (PHaMs) Program

The Personal Helpers and Mentors (PHaMs) program seeks to provide individuals whose lives are seriously impacted by mental illness with improved resources for rehabilitation. It allows people aged 16 and over who are affected by a serious mental disorder to control their everyday lives and to live safely in the community.

Postal Concessions for the Blind Program

Australia Post is reimbursed by the Australian Government through the Postal Concessions for the Blind Program for the expense of delivering 'qualified items' for blind people.

 

Programs and services for carers

About 2.65 million Australians care for those with disabilities, a medical disorder, mental disability, or someone who is vulnerable because of their age. The Australian government is helping carers keep involved in the community, engage in the workplace and stay safe while pursuing their position in caring by funding for a variety of programs, services and financial support. The Australian Government revealed on 5 March 2018 funding of an estimated $85.6 million over four years for the implementation of new carers programs. The proposed programs are part of the existing Unified Carer Support System model that offers access to early management resources that have been shown to enhance caregivers' long-term outcomes. When part of the 2019-20 Budget, the Australian Government pledged an extra $84.3 million over four years to provide more career opportunities and direct assistance to young carers. On May 15, 2020, the government of australia pledged $3.5 million in response to the COVID-19 pandemic to provide increased assistance to families of people with or at risk of mental illness in 2020-21. This funding raises the total commitment of the Australian government to over $700 million over five years to provide better career opportunities and support. The launch of the new Integrated Carer Support Service model (known as the Carer Gateway) is the final stage of the 2015 commitment by the Australian Government to creating an Integrated Carer Support Services Program. Carer Gateway offers a range of tailor-made programs and resources to help carers handle their everyday struggles, alleviate stress, and prepare ahead.

 

 

http://www.disability.wa.gov.au/Global/Publications/About%20us/Count%20me%20in/Research/carers-issues-trends.pdf

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