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THE CORE COMPONENTS OF ANY STATE OF THE NATION ADDRESS

THE CORE COMPONENTS OF ANY STATE OF THE NATION ADDRESS

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL SECURITY, HEALTHCARE, FOREIGN POLICY, AS THE ECONOMY THE CORE COMPONENTS OF ANY STATE OF THE NATION ADDRESS

Abstract

The state of nation address is a momentous aspect of any governing system. There are long awaited and shape the bearing of the governments and bodies they oversee by the provision of information that is vital for evaluation and adjustment toward the achievement of certain goals. These speeches therefore contain aspects which are essential for proper governance. These factors include the economy, the state of the healthcare system, national security, and foreign policies. This paper is based on the hypothesis national security, healthcare, foreign policy, and the economy the core components of any state of the nation address. The paper goes ahead to prove the same is true using literature review and through a qualitative analysis of three speeches by three different leaders.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

Abstract 1

INTRODUCTION.. 3

Background. 3

Purpose. 4

LITERATURE REVIEW... 5

National Security. 5

Healthcare. 6

Foreign Policy. 6

The Economy. 6

METHODOLOGY.. 7

DATA ANALYSIS. 7

RESULTS. 8

DISCUSSION.. 9

CONCLUSION.. 10

References. 11

Appendix. 12

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

Background

Job descriptions are the blueprints for whatever the task at hand is in deliverables. Each organization and particularly governments have a person specifically tasked with being the mouthpiece- the spokesperson. However, there is a time where the top most official is expected to give an account by themselves through speeches or writing. In most states this is when the president or prime minister gives the state of nation address. As the name denotes, this is an account of the current situation in relation to what the deliverables are. A president is tasked with guiding the nation towards the attainment of the goals it sets out to achieve in a given time. However, state of the nation addresses where the head of the government presents an account of the progress happens annually across most states and unions. These addresses generally focus on core aspects to ensuring the citizens of the nation or the union lead the best possible life. This implies that these speeches focus on a number of recurring issues. Generally these include but are not limited to the economy, the foreign policies, national security, and healthcare.

Purpose

There is limited literature on what a state of nation address speech should contain. This served as inspiration to undertake this research. The research study sought to ascertain what a proper state of the nation address speech should entail. Therefore, the primary research question became are national security, healthcare, foreign policy, and the economy the core components of any state of the nation address?

However, as stated there is limited peer-reviewed material on the aforementioned query. This meant that a different approach had to be taken. First, an extensive research was done online by myself. This sought to read at least ten state of nation address speeches by ten different leaders. Therein I realized that the four aforementioned factors were recurrent. First, I sought to understand the role the economy, national security, the economy, and healthcare in the lives of the citizens. There is massive literature explaining that a government’s core responsibilities entail ensuring that the economy is thriving, the foreign policies in place protect the people of the country, and the citizens enjoy national security in a country where universal healthcare is available. A study that was meant to educate me on what core issues constitute a majority of state of the nation speeches proved more enlightening and I am therefore forever grateful to the lecturer and the institution for cultivating a culture of research in me. The next segment shall provide insight on to why the national security, healthcare, foreign policy, and the economy are core components of a state of the nation address.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Once you control the economy, security, and healthcare in any locality then you ultimately are the most powerful individual. This said, governments serve as the strongest entities defacto in their localities which directly implies that they control these primary aspects of any state. This stems from the need to control the resources and their distribution. The government is infinitely superior as it also controls the policies for engaging with those outside its sovereign borders. Finally, it is important to emphasize that the government’s power belongs to the people it governs and it has been bestowed with the same to ensure the citizens’ wellbeing is protected. This means ensuring the security of the citizens is a crucial job requirement for the government. However, the next segment shall provide more insight into why each of the four factors aforementioned are vital and they constitute the bulk of agendas covered in any state of the nation address.

National Security

There is no sense of normalcy when the security of individuals is not guaranteed. Poor security discourages trade, movement, and most importantly foreign investments (Johnson, 2017). For example, most multinational corporations (MNCs) place the security of the area where they seek to venture on top of the list of factors they consider before investment. This implies that when national security is guaranteed and the environment is peace then chances for economic growth and development of the individuals is guaranteed.

Healthcare

Health is wealth. There is no disputing that! All the wealth in the world is useless if you are not alive to enjoy it. There is no point to be wealthy and sick either. The government for this reason spends a considerable chunk of its budget on healthcare. That alone is a good enough reason for the citizens to seek an explanation of how the funds were spent to ensure accountability. This would definitely be expected to be in any state of the nation address therefore (Sfantou, Laliotis, Patelarou, Sifaki-Pistolla, Matalliotakis, & Patelarou, 2017).

Foreign Policy

As no man is an island, nations are expected to maintain a sense of friendliness with foreign states if not only for trade purposes but to discourage commotion between people and to ensure border security. Therefore, the foreign policies any state puts in place will majorly affect the condition of life in the country. For example, when there are no rules to prevent over flooding of the market with cheap imports at the expense of local producers and manufacturers, the economy can be significantly jeopardized (Barnet, 2019).

The Economy

We live in a capitalist society where resources serve as a measure of power and stature. An economy that is thriving therefore implies that the quality of life is good for its citizens and often the approval rating for the leader is significantly high in most cases. This is because the economy is the backbone of any nation. There is no state of the nation address that would therefore be complete without touching on matters to do with the economy of the state or union.

That said, it is expected that virtually all state of the nation address speeches will touch on the four factors. The next segment will provide the methodology for proving the validity of the research question.

METHODOLOGY

The research study is fairly self-explanatory. Since the research question seeks to establish whether the economy, the foreign policies, national security, and healthcare are core factors in any state of the nation address, there was a need to quantify how many times the four factors appear in several state of the nation speeches. The research was modeled in accordance with the grounded theory which constitutes the use of inductive reasoning from qualitative data. The data in this case comprised three state of address speeches by three different leaders; Donald J Trump, Vladmir Putin, and Ursula von der Leyen. The data analysis entailed a qualitative analysis of the three speeches individually to ascertain the number of times each of the four core variables are covered in them. The analysis was done automatically using MAXQDA.

DATA ANALYSIS

A qualitative analysis that was conducted using the MAXQDA. The data was collected from the three sources. Of the three sources, one was female (Ursula von der Leyen) 33% while the other two were male (Donald J Trump and Vladmir Putin) 67%. Two of the speeches were speeches to unions (The USA and The European Union) 67% while one was a speech from a singular state (Russia) 33%. The tables below show the allocation of data in terms of gender and whether the speech is to a state or union.

GENDER DISTRIBUTION

GENDER

PERCENTAGE

Male

67

Female

33

 

WHETHER IT IS A STATE OR UNION

STATE

UNION

33

67

 

RESULTS

MAXQDA software was used for the qualitative analysis of the data. The purpose for the same was to ensure the effectiveness of the results. However, the efficiency of the software with regards to qualitative data analysis made the move ideal. First, smart coding was done and an analysis to ascertain the frequency of the four factors in any state of the union.

Frequency of Factors In Documents

 

Frequency

Percentage

Percentage (valid)

Foreign Policy

2

66.67

100.00

National Security

2

66.67

100.00

Economy

2

66.67

100.00

Healthcare

1

33.33

50.00

DOCUMENTS with code(s)

2

66.67

100.00

DOCUMENTS without code(s)

1

33.33

-

ANALYZED DOCUMENTS

3

100.00

-

The table above shows how the policies are distributed in documents. As per the findings, foreign policy is a concept that is recurring in state of the nation address speeches twice every three times accounting for 66.67 percent of the time. The analysis also revealed that national security appears in 66.67% of state of the nation addresses. The same is the case with matters economy which also appears twice in every three state of the nation addresses. Healthcare on the other hand appears once in every three speeches. This is 33.33% percent of the time.

The Distribution of the Factors

 

Frequency

Percentage

Economy

20

44.44

National Security

10

22.22

Healthcare

9

20.00

Foreign Policy

6

13.33

TOTAL

45

100.00

 The factors predominance in the state of the nation address speeches sort to understand which of the factors is predominant in the speeches. The same results were as follows. The economy constituted 44.44 percent of the agenda’s covered. National security covered the 22.22 percent. Healthcare covered 20 percent while the remaining 13.33 percent.

DISCUSSION

As per the results, foreign policy, national security, and economy are core values covered in at least 66.67 percent of the speeches. This implies that they constitute a considerable chunk of the factors covered in a state of the nation address. Healthcare on the other hand features once every three times implying that even though it is a vital factor, it is not as important as the aforementioned. However with regards to the most important factor overall. The economy is the most and constitutes a majority of the speeches. National security comes next before healthcare. Here healthcare comes before foreign policy because simply put, charity begins at home.

CONCLUSION

There is no disputing that the prevailing situation is a considerable determinant of what the state of nation address speech will consist of. However, the economy, national security and matters healthcare and foreign policy are most likely to feature. In fact, the economy is a predominant theme in state of the nation speeches as it is the backbone of any country. That said, the protection of the freedom and rights of its citizens is an important aspect of what a government does and it is therefore expected that the same will feature predominantly. The wellbeing of the citizens is important and thus the state of the healthcare system feature more often than not as well as foreign policies which govern the interaction between states and unions. That said national security, healthcare, foreign policy, and the economy are core components of any state of the nation address.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Barnet, R. J. (2019). Foreign Policy: Promoting Democratic Stability. In State Of The Union 1994 (pp. 46-62). Routledge.

Johnson, L. K. (2017). National security intelligence. John Wiley & Sons.

Sfantou, D. F., Laliotis, A., Patelarou, A. E., Sifaki-Pistolla, D., Matalliotakis, M., & Patelarou, E. (2017, December). Importance of leadership style towards quality of care measures in healthcare settings: a systematic review. In Healthcare (Vol. 5, No. 4, p. 73). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix

Code System

1 Foreign Policy

6

2 National Security

10

3 Economy

20

4 Healthcare

9

 

1 Foreign Policy

 

5/26/2020 10:59 AM

Lexical Search - ANY: Foreign

Within: Document

2 National Security

 

5/26/2020 10:58 AM

Lexical Search - ANY: National Security

Within: Document

3 Economy

 

5/26/2020 10:57 AM

Lexical Search - ANY: Economy

Within: Document

4 Healthcare

 

5/26/2020 10:49 AM

Lexical Search - ANY: Healthcare

Within: Document

 

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